How To Use Rat Poison Responsibly – 5 Rules

There is no doubt that rat poison is a successful way of dealing with a rat problem. It is also one of the easiest, depending on how you use the poison! Some folks simply throw sachets of poison up into an attic and leave it. I’ll tell you straight, I am not comfortable with that idea! There are some clear dangers of using rat poison in that way, such as secondary, and accidental poisoning. In this post, I am going to explain how to use rat poison responsibly.

What you will learn in this post:

  1. How to use rat poison responsibly
  2. 2 things you must not do when using rat poison
  3. How to use rat poison outside
  4. Frequently asked questions

How To Use Rat Poison Responsibly

How To Use Rat Poison Responsibly

Want to know the best way to use rat poison? It is also the most responsible way too, and that is exactly what I am going to cover in the following 5 golden rules!

How To Use Rat Poison Infographic

1. Pick Your Poison Carefully

There are many different poisons that can be used to kill rats, and choosing the right one is important, especially if you have pets or kids.

If you have pets, and you need to bait traps outside, or in areas where pets can access then you need to use pet safe rat poisons.

It is the same with children too, you will need to use poisons safe for humans if you have to use rat poison in areas where kids can access.

I urge you to only use poison in areas out of reach from kids and pets! Accidental poisoning is a huge cause of unintentional deaths.

There are homemade rat poison options that are safer, but you still need to keep them away from kids and pets.

2. Pick A Trap

If you want to know how to use rat poison responsibly, then this is the best thing that you can do! Pick a trap that will keep the rat contained until the poison kills the rat.

Why? Because keeping the rat contained will stop secondary poisoning!

Secondary poisoning is where a rat consumes the poison and is then eaten by a predator (cat, bird of prey, etc). The poison is transferred to the predator who is also killed.

3. Bait The Trap

Next up, you should bait the rat trap with the poison AND some tasty rat bait.

Want to know what food is irresistible to rats? I would tempt the rat to the trap by using items such as peanut butter, or meat. When the rat gets there, it will also consume the poison and the rat will be trapped!

4. Place The Trap Responsibly

If you want to know how to put rat poison down, then you need to know the best areas to place the baited traps! The answer is, anywhere that you have noticed rat activity!

You should always target known areas that rats have traveled through, or nested.

By sticking to these areas, you are reducing the chances of another animal strolling into the trap!

Also – if you have pets or kids, PLEASE ensure that you keep the trap away from them. Use areas that they cannot access.

5. Get Rid Of The Dead Rat Responsibly

Finally, when the rat has been captured, has eaten the poison and has died, it is time for you to dispose of the dead rat.

Firstly, you should be wearing a respirator and some strong gloves. The follow these instructions:

  1. Pick up the rat
  2. Put it into a bag
  3. Double bag it
  4. Dispose of as per your local laws (usually, just place it with your trash, but you need to check to ensure you remain legal)

Using Rat Poison – What Not To Do – 2 Rules

Using rat poison can be very dangerous, to you, your loved ones, your pets, and even other wildlife that are not being targetted by the poison.

I always adhere to these 2 rules if I am going to use rat poison…

Do Not Throw And Forget

I’ve seen this far too many times. I’ll go into an attic, and there are sachets of poison that have been thrown up. Sometimes, without even going into the attic!

This poses a risk to local wildlife, (through secondary poisoning), and also poses a risk to your home, and cash reserves (in extreme circumstances).

Let’s say the rat consumes the poison. Over the next few days, it is still moving around your home looking for food and water. As the rat approaches the 3rd day, the poison really starts to take effect and the rat takes a break in your cavity walls. Two hours later, it has died. After a few days, you begin to notice an odor in your home, but you can’t quite put your finger on where it is coming from. It is the odor of a dead rat!

You’ve guessed it, the rat has died in your cavity walls. How do you get it out? For that, you will need a professional, which is why it has the potential to hit your wallet hard!

Do Not Let The Rat Go

Letting the rat go will cause a similar situation to the one above.

Some folks get rid of the rat as soon as it is caught, which means they don’t want to have to deal with a dead rat. Unfortunately, that increases the risk of secondary poisoning, especially as the rat may slow down as the poison takes effect.

Be responsible, and keep the rat contained until it dies!

How To Use Rat Poison Outside

Ideally, you should not use rat poison outside. The best way to handle a rat infestation outside is to get a trap that is capable of holding multiple rats, and baiting it with normal foods for a rat trap.

If you have to use rat poison outside, then you should ensure that you have a trap that is only big enough for a rat to enter. This is to save cats, dogs, and other animals from dying through ingesting the poison.

Frequently Asked Questions

frequently asked questions

How long does it take for a rat to die from poison?

Most poisons will kill a rat within 72 hours. Some poisons work within 24 hours, and some require consistent ingesting over a period of a couple of weeks before it really takes effect. Anticoagulant poisons generally take up to 72 hours, and these are the most common rat poisons because they are the most effective.

Will the rat be attracted to the poison?

Yes – poison is given a scent that is attractive to rats. I always add the poison into other items such as peanut butter, and other foods that are used as rat bait.

What does poison do to rats?

It depends on the type of poison. Anticoagulant poisons will stop the blood from coagulating which leads to the rat bleeding to death internally. Other poisons attack the central nervous system, and others attack cells to stop them from making energy.


Using rat poison is one of the best methods of dealing with an infestation, but you should be looking at how to use rat poison responsibly so it doesn’t negatively impact other wildlife and those who you love.

If you adhere to the rules on this page, then you will be using rat poison responsibly, whilst keeping the success rate high.

If you are suffering from a rat problem, or it is something that you regularly suffer from, then you should address it by sealing up common rat entry points to your property. If rats cannot get in, then you won’t have a rat problem in your home!

Good luck!

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