A Rat infestation brings with it a host of problems, none of which you need! You may have recently had a Rat in your home, or you might be hearing noises in your attic, which may be a Rat. Either way, you need to know how to prevent Rats from entering your home to reduce the chances of an infestation in the future. In this article, we explain how you can achieve that.
Before you think about preventing Rats from entering your home, you first need to remove the Rats that you may already have.
How To Prevent Rats From Entering Your Home – 7 Steps
Cut Off Entry Points
This is the most important task you need to do to stop rats from entering your home. Cutting off their entry points! Prevention is better than the cure!
Rats are chancers, and only usually enter a building when they stumble across access. A Rat will be out in your yard looking for food supplies, and if a hole is found, they will enter.
Entry points only need to be big enough to allow a Rat to put it’s head through and the rest of the body will follow. That is the size of the holes you are looking for.
Take a look around your property to identify areas of concern and get them filled with some sealant. The trick is to place some wire wool inside the hole while you are sealing it. Rats do not like chewing through wire wool because it hurts as they chew.
Although Rats can chew through a large number of items, they will avoid anything with wire wool in, simply because it is too painful to chew!
It is not a simple case of checking the property at ground level, you need to check entry points at the roof level too.
Clear Up Your Yard
As I mentioned above, Rats usually enter your property when they stumble across an entry point. That means if they do not get near to your home, they will not find one.
If you do not make your yard attractive to a Rat then it reduces the risk of a Rat taking a stroll through it and finding a hole to your home.
Keep shrubbery under control and cut down any trees that overhang your property. Rats are excellent climbers and may find an entry to your home through the roof. To protect themselves from predators, Rats prefer to move undercover and at night. If you have limited coverage in your Yard then Rats may not take the chance.
Do not store any trash in your yard, but if you need to, ensure it is secured well.
Do Not Leave Food Out
This is inside and outside your home. If you have been cooking on the BBQ, clean up after yourselves. Food is the biggest attraction for a Rat, and if they find a source you are likely to get more Rats in your area.
You must also clean up any food inside your home. If you have young children then you are used to finding random pieces of food throughout the house. You need to keep that under control.
Rats hunt for food, removing the temptation will help to prevent Rats from entering your home.
Store Food Correctly
Storing food correctly inside your home is extremely important if you are at risk of Rat infestation.
When storing food, use thick plastic containers, or even metal containers where possible.
Ultimately, if the Rat cannot smell food, it will not try to chew through the container to get to it.
While thick plastic is difficult for a Rat to chew through, it is still possible. The thicker the plastic, the more challenging it will be.
If you store food outside, such as bird food, then ensure you store it correctly. Keep it in an airtight metal container. Better still, store it inside your home to remove the food source from the garden.
While I am on the subject of food outside, if you have a bird feeder then Rats will see that as a food source and will keep coming back, or even worse, set up home nearby! As Rats are very good climbers, it is difficult to use a bird feeder without Rats also using it. Even if they cannot get to the bird feeder, it will attract Rats to your yard, which is just asking for trouble.
Set Rat Traps Outside
Rat traps outside will not deter Rats from visiting your yard, but it will help to get rid of the Rats who enter it.
If you stop Rats progressing from your Yard to your home then you are winning!
For the sake of other wildlife, do not use snap traps outside. A much better option is to use a Rat trap that catches them alive. Perform a regular check on the traps to see if they have caught a Rat, or something else.
The downside is that you will have to either release the Rat somewhere else or kill it yourself.
Set Rat Traps Inside
I know this post is about preventing Rats from entering your home, but sometimes these Rodents can find a way in, despite all of your best efforts.
I always have traps ready in my attic, simply because it is difficult to completely stop Rats from getting into your home.
6 traps are in my loft, ready to tackle any Rat who gets through my defense!
Rats are very conscious of new things and will be hesitant in approaching them. Many people hear Rats in their homes and set up traps immediately. Whilst that is a successful way of tackling a Rat problem, it may take a little while for the Rat to be confident enough to approach the trap. As mine are all already set up, the chances of a Rat being caught in one is greatly enhanced.
Do rats learn to avoid traps? Yes, they do… so be sure to wear gloves to keep your scent off of the trap.
Seal The Cavity Walls
Sealing your cavity walls is expensive, but it will seal off one of the most common places for Rats to use.
Cavity walls offer Rats an excellent, predator-free journey through to every single part of your home. Sealing your cavity walls will stop Rats from moving freely and safely through your home.
It involves spraying a filler between each wall, and it is expensive because it needs to be completed by a professional. Is it worth the extra cost? It depends on how often your home is invaded by Rats!
If you follow the 7 steps above, then you will be much more confident that you are able to prevent Rats from entering your home.
Whilst it is a huge challenge to completely remove the chances of a Rat getting into your home, you can move the odds well into your favor.
What you need to do is remove all things that a Rat is attracted to. Always remember that Rats need food, comfort, and to avoid predators. If you consider what a Rat wants, you can remove them.